Desajuste ocupacional de los egresados universitarios:

un análisis ordinal con enfoque hacia carreras de ciencia y tecnología

Autores/as

  • Miguel Ángel Ortiz Chávez Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9172-1414
  • Nuria Yanella Rodríguez Córdova Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos
  • Carlos Armando Rojas Quiroz Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34236/rpie.v12i13.92

Palabras clave:

economía del trabajo, universidad, graduado, ciencia y tecnología, econometría

Resumen

El objetivo de esta investigación es explicar el desajuste ocupacional de los recién egresados universitarios de carreras de Ciencias, Ingeniería, Matemáticas y Tecnología (CIMTEC) mediante el uso de la Encuesta Nacional de Egresados Universitarios y Universidades 2014. Teniendo en cuenta el grado de severidad, se distinguieron dos tipos de desajuste: desajuste leve y desajuste grave. En términos generales, el desajuste ocupacional llegó a representar al 60.7 por ciento de los recién egresados universitarios, siendo mayor en los trabajadores CIMTEC. Sin embargo, la mayor parte de ellos se encontraba en desajuste leve, a diferencia de los egresados no CIMTEC donde sucede el fenómeno contrario. Para evaluar los determinantes del desajuste se utilizó un modelo Logit Ordinal Generalizado Parcial (LOGP). Se determinó que las características de la familia y las condiciones en que fue recibida la Educación Superior inciden significativamente en la probabilidad de encontrarse en desajuste ocupacional.

Biografía del autor/a

Miguel Ángel Ortiz Chávez, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú

Miguel Ortiz es especialista en metodologías de evaluación de impacto en el Ministerio de la Producción. Es economista por la Universidad Nacional del Callao y estudiante de la Maestría en Economía en la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. Cuenta con trabajos de investigación sobre mercados laborales, innovación y productividad en diversas instituciones públicas como Concytec y el Ministerio de Trabajo y Promoción del Empleo.

Nuria Yanella Rodríguez Córdova, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

Nuria Rodríguez es analista de Gestión y Monitoreo para el Cumplimiento de Gobierno de la Presidencia del Consejo de Ministros. Es economista por la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos y cuenta con diplomados de especialización en Econometría Aplicada, Gestión Pública y Políticas Públicas. Sus intereses académicos son la Salud Pública, Economía del Comportamiento, Innovación y Género.

Carlos Armando Rojas Quiroz, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Carlos Rojas es economista titulado por la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina y Master en Economía de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Ha laborado como economista y consultor en la Secretaría Técnica del Consejo Fiscal, Concytec, y el Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas. Además, se ha desempeñado como profesor en la Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas y la Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería.

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15-12-2020

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Ortiz Chávez, M. Ángel, Rodríguez Córdova, N. Y., & Rojas Quiroz, C. A. (2020). Desajuste ocupacional de los egresados universitarios:: un análisis ordinal con enfoque hacia carreras de ciencia y tecnología. Revista Peruana De Investigación Educativa, 12(13), 7–37. https://doi.org/10.34236/rpie.v12i13.92

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