Desajuste ocupacional de los egresados universitarios:
un análisis ordinal con enfoque hacia carreras de ciencia y tecnología
Palabras clave:economía del trabajo, universidad, graduado, ciencia y tecnología, econometría
El objetivo de esta investigación es explicar el desajuste ocupacional de los recién egresados universitarios de carreras de Ciencias, Ingeniería, Matemáticas y Tecnología (CIMTEC) mediante el uso de la Encuesta Nacional de Egresados Universitarios y Universidades 2014. Teniendo en cuenta el grado de severidad, se distinguieron dos tipos de desajuste: desajuste leve y desajuste grave. En términos generales, el desajuste ocupacional llegó a representar al 60.7 por ciento de los recién egresados universitarios, siendo mayor en los trabajadores CIMTEC. Sin embargo, la mayor parte de ellos se encontraba en desajuste leve, a diferencia de los egresados no CIMTEC donde sucede el fenómeno contrario. Para evaluar los determinantes del desajuste se utilizó un modelo Logit Ordinal Generalizado Parcial (LOGP). Se determinó que las características de la familia y las condiciones en que fue recibida la Educación Superior inciden significativamente en la probabilidad de encontrarse en desajuste ocupacional.
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